Women to Read 2013

 

Women to Read: Where to Start (June 2013, Originally published at SF Signal)

If any of you out there follow my blog, you may remember I did a couple of posts a while back inspired by Kari Sperring’s Women to Read initiative. I decided to take it a step further and recommend a place to start with the women whose work I was urging people to read. Now, the good folks at SF Signal have been kind enough to invite me to do the same thing here. So, picking up where I left off, I’ll give you a small sampling of women I think you should read and where you should start with their work. Allons-y!

Ursula K. Le Guin

There are probably very few people out there who haven’t read at least one story or book by Ursula K. Le Guin in their lives. But for those folks who may be new to reading speculative fiction and want a starting point for one of the masters of the genre, I suggest The Word for World is Forest. The original novella appeared in Harlan Ellison’s Again, Dangerous Visions anthology, was nominated for a Locus Award, and won the Hugo for best novella in 1973. Le Guin expanded the story into a novel, which was published in 1976. The original novella was my first encounter with Le Guin’s writing, before The Left Hand of Darkness and the Earthsea novels, which is where most people typically start with her work. At the time I first read the novella, I wasn’t aware of it being Le Guin’s response to the Vietnam War; I only knew the story haunted me long after I put it down – the inhumanity of the humans and their brutality toward the “creechies”, the idea of dreaming the invention of war, all of it. I’d never read anything quite like it before and it opened my eyes to what speculative fiction could be and what it could do.

 Shirley Jackson

Jackson is another author who probably needs no introduction; she has an award named for her, after all! But for those unfamiliar her work, I recommend starting with We Have Always Lived in the Castle, a novel published in 1962. I’m recommending this as a starting place not only because it’s a brilliant work, but because so many of the novel’s themes remain relevant to discussions going on in the speculative fiction world today. It is a novel dealing with outsiders, with characters who are driven into isolation by other people’s perception of them, and excluded from the “normal” life of the community. None of the people in the town know the truth about Merricat or Constance, but based on rumors, based on received wisdom and shared misconceptions they shun them, taunt them, and commit violence against them. To the people of the town, it doesn’t matter who the real villain is, or what they’ve done. What matters is the rumors they’ve heard about the family, which they take for truth because no one has ever thought to suggest otherwise. We Have Always Lived in the Castle is also a prime example of quiet, literary horror, where the monsters are domestic, and the fear insidious and creeping, which makes it all the more effective.

 Kelley Eskridge

While Kelley Eskridge is a well-established author, she’s not as well-known Le Guin and Jackson, because who could be? So, in the hopes of introducing you to a new and fabulous world of writing, I recommend starting with “The Eye of the Storm”. This short story originally appeared in Ellen Datlow’s and Terri Windling’s Sirens and Other Daemon Lovers, and was reprinted in Kelley’s collection Dangerous Space as well as in Brit Mandelo’s excellent 2012 anthology, Beyond Binary. “The Eye of the Storm” was my first exposure to Eskridge’s work. It is another one of those stories that lodged in my brain, which I come back to again and again at unexpected moments. It is a story with an expansive understanding of sexuality, embracing fluid notions of gender and desire. It’s the kind of story that shows how wide the world really is, how many multitudes is contains, and how many possibilities there are for defining family, love, friendship, and conflict. It presents a world where there’s no need to separate things by narrow categories and definitions; there are multiple ways to move through the world, and even battle can be a form of harmony.

 Nalo Hopkinson

Nalo Hopkinson is not only a prolific author and an editor, but on an entirely personal note – she’s a fellow Canadian and a fellow Capricorn, which makes me happy. I recommend “Fisherman” as a starting place for those unfamiliar with her work. The story first appeared in Hopkinson’s collection Skin Folk, and was also reprinted in Brit Mandelo’s Beyond Binary last year. “Fisherman” is another story that plays with the fluidity of gender, and rejects the notion of narrow labels and definitions. Central to the story is the fundamental truth that there’s more than one way to be a woman, or a man. The only thing that really matters in the end is being yourself. The world doesn’t get a say in who you are, what you can or cannot be, or how you act. Identity, gender or otherwise, comes from within.
So there you have it, four women whose work I admire – two classic, two contemporary, all well-worth reading. I hope I’ve helped you discover something new, and that you’ll share the work of these and other women far and wide.

Women to Read: Where to Start (July 2013, Originally published at SF Signal)

To kick things off, I’d like to offer a suggestion slightly out of left field. Toni Morrison, while she’s a highly acclaimed author, is not traditionally associated with the speculative fiction genre. But, at its heart, Beloved is a ghost story, and it’s my recommended starting point. Beloved, published in 1987, is not a conventional ghost story. The ghost in the tale is one born of rage, guilt, anger, and love, but not its own. It is a ghost birthed, quite literally, by the character being haunted, which makes the story all the more poignant. While I was initially introduced to Beloved through the filmed version, it stuck with me, a haunting in the true sense. The movie prompted me to seek out the novel, which is every bit as dark and darker still. Beyond the darkness, there is a lyrical quality to work, and an epic feel to a largely domestic story about pain and struggle very much rooted in this world. Beloved is a ghost story, but it is so much more than that. It is the story of life, with all its love and horror. It is the story of family, of holding on, and of letting go.

Among genre fans, Marion Zimmer Bradley likely needs no introduction. In addition to her own prolific writing career, she helped launched the careers of several other authors through her ground-breaking anthology series Sword & Sorceress, focusing on women in fantasy fiction, and through her Marion Zimmer Bradley’s Fantasy Magazine. Among the new voices in speculative fiction she sought to promote, she was particularly interested in showcasing female authors at a time when the pages of most publication were still dominated by men. Bradley was also very active in fandom, co-founded the Society for Creative Anachronism, and wrote under multiple pen names, including writing gay and lesbian pulp fiction. For those who are unfamiliar with her work, I recommend starting with The Mists of Avalon. In this classic novel, Bradley reclaims the stories of the women in Arthurian Legend – Morgaine, Gwenhwyfar, Igraine, Nimue – and all the other women typically either left out of Arthurian tales or relegated to secondary roles. She gives these women agency, elevating them beyond cookie-cutter and one-dimensional characters such as evil sorceress or patient wife. She gives the women of legend legendary status in their own right, complete with complex motivations and desires of their own. She draws them in shades of grey as opposed to stark black and white. In essence, she writes the women in her novel as (gasp) real people.

Helena’s Bell’s short story “Robot” was a Nebula nominee for Best Short Story in 2012, so what better place to start with her work? Though I must admit, I have a certain fondness for “In Light of Recent Events I have Reconsidered the Wisdom of Your Space Elevator”, which appeared in Shimmer #16. How could you fail to love a story with a title like that? May I cheat and suggest two starting points for her work? Both Robot and In Light of Recent Events I have Reconsidered the Wisdom of Your Space Elevator, are effective specifically because of what they don’t show. The stories lies largely in-between the lines of text, and rather than hitting readers over the head with her point, Bell trusts their intelligence and lets them bring something of themselves to the text. She captures a unique voice with each piece, and uses it to explore vast themes like love and loss on an intimate and personal scale in a lovely and poetic way.

Gemma Files is the author of the Hexslinger Series, a prolific short story writer, winner of an International Horror Guild Award, and other fellow Canadian. As a starting point for her work, I’ll recommend the first short story of hers that I read, “Spectral Evidence”. “Spectral Evidence” was first published in ChiZine #30, and was recently reprinted in Hauntings edited by Ellen Datlow, released earlier this year. “Spectral Evidence” is another story that expects the reader to bring something to the text. Its horror is all the more effective for its subtlety; it is insidious and creeping, rather than relying on buckets of blood and cheap shock value. Files uses footnotes brilliantly in the story, again telling much of the tale between the lines of text, by what is implied rather than what is outright shown. In the interest of full disclosure, I’ll admit I’m a sucker for ‘found tales’ (think the first Blair Witch Project), and Files uses the trope particularly well, allowing the story to reveal itself slowly through notes and commentary on a series of disturbing found photographs.

  Women to Read About (August 2013, Originally published at SF Signal)

For this installment of Women to Read, I thought I’d try something a little different and suggest some young women to read about. Summer is a time for vacations, for long lazy days reading on the shore of a lake, or up in the branches of a favorite tree. Well, at least it is when you’re a kid. Perhaps you know such a child, an avid devourer of Young Adult and Middle-Grade fiction? And perhaps you’d like to show them that heroes aren’t always boys with great destinies, and girls aren’t always helpless princesses waiting to be rescued? If so, I have some suggestions for you!

Flora Segunda

Flora is the hero of Ysabeau Wilce’s Flora Segunda trilogy, which begins with the deliciously named Flora Segunda: Being the Magickal Mishaps of a Girl of Spirit, Her Glass-Gazing Sidekick, Two Ominous Butlers (One Blue), a House with Eleven Thousand Rooms, and a Red Dog. Beyond the sheer joy in language and the rollicking adventure Wilce delivers, she also draws a richly imagined world that blows typical gender stereotypes right out of the water. Flora is firmly the hero of her tale. Her mother is a general in the army, and when we first meet him, her father is a bit mad. Flora’s sidekick is an appearance-obsessed lad named Udo, who, while loyal and brave in his own way, is ultimately far more concerned with how fashionable his outfit is and the state of his hair. Flora lives in a world where women take equal share – they occupy all ranks of the military, they are rangers, pulp fiction heroes, goddesses, and killers. Within this world, Flora is not a death-dealing infallible hero. She struggles, she earns her place, and sometimes she makes mistakes. In the end, she is ultimately and beautifully human – the kind of human who always strives to do better, to be more, to do what’s right in the face of grayscale moral choices. All of which makes her the perfect hero for young readers of any gender to look up to.

 September

September is the hero of another series of books with delicious names. She is first introduced to readers in The Girl Who Circumnavigated Fairyland in a Ship of Her Own Making by Catherynne M. Valente. Like Flora, September is a fully developed hero in her own right, navigating her way through a world of uncertain moral choices. Her story is drenched in Valente’s gorgeous prose, and her world, too, is one that defies traditional gender stereotypes. Here marquesses can rule the world and witches can have multiple husbands and oracles can live by their own rules no matter what you think about them. In September, we also see an assertive hero whose male sidekicks and companions are the shy, retiring, and uncertain ones. While they have their own strength, they contrast with and compliment September’s strengths, but never overshadow them. September never needs to be rescued, and does a fair bit of rescuing herself. On top of that, the world questions traditional assumptions of good vs. evil, presenting the hero with complex choices to make, and doesn’t shy away from big themes or ambiguous actions in a genre where authors are frequently pressured to talk down their audiences and make their work more accessible.

 Nix and Lilah

Jonathan Maberry proves that male authors can write heroes, too (said with tongue firmly in cheek, in light of recent/ongoing debates in the genre, and with apologies to Mr. Maberry.) Nix and Lilah are introduced in Maberry’s Rot & Ruin, the first in a four book series. While Benny Imura is technically the hero of the tale, Nix and Lilah have a near equal share of page time, and are shown to be very capable heroes in their own right. Rot & Ruin, and the subsequent books in the series, are set in a post-zombie-apocalypse world, where the four teenaged protagonists, Benny, Chong, Nix, and Lilah (with occasional help from a wide supporting cast of characters) fight hordes of zombies across a desolate wasteland. Nix and Lilah are shown to be warriors every bit the equal of Benny and Chong. Lilah in particular, true to her character, is in many cases the most formidable fighter of the group. The depiction of all four teenagers’ skills feels organic. Nix and Lilah are never super-powered to compensate for their femininity (yes, this is a thing that unfortunately happens sometimes.) They are allowed to be human. They are allowed to be weak, they are allowed to be strong, they are allowed to be whoever they are in the moment, as are Benny and Chong, making all the characters true and believable, and not drawing arbitrary gender lines.

 Hermione and Luna

How can you talk about heroes these days without mentioning Hermione Granger and Luna Lovegood? Similar to Nix and Lilah, the series that made them famous bears a boy’s name in the title, but that doesn’t mean they’re overshadowed. The first book in the Harry Potter series in particular makes a point of each of the characters possessing a particular strength, and having them work together to overcome seeming impossible odds. Hermione’s braininess saves the day on more than one occasion throughout the series, and though romance does feature in the later books, she is never relegated to the girlfriend role. While Luna doesn’t show up until later in the series, she makes an immediate impact when she does. Initially, she is shown to be an outsider, mocked and dismissed based on surface appearances. But rather than wilting under prejudice, Luna lets it all roll off her, and over time, she’s revealed to have a complex back story almost as dark as Harry’s. Together, Hermione and Luna celebrate the notion of the brainy hero, the one who wins the day with a combination of knowledge, loyalty, and bravery, rather than sheer brute force. They exemplify the notion that there’s more than one way to be a hero, and show that holding a supporting role doesn’t have to mean you’re sidelined. Sometimes being a hero is a matter of being an essential part of a team.

 Women to Read: New Voices (September 2013, Originally published at SF Signal)

In the conversation about women in speculative fiction, the same names tend to come up over and over again: Ursula K. LeGuin, Shirley Jackson, Anne McCaffrey, and so on. While these authors are all more than worthy of mention, it’s far past time to turn our attention to the authors making their mark on the field today. To that end, I recently put out a call for recommendations of authors who made their first paid sale (pro or otherwise) within the last two years. Based on the fabulous responses I received, I compiled a list of new voices in speculative fiction on my blog. In this installment of Women to Read, I’ll highlight a few of those new voices.

Luna Lindsey

In the interest of full disclosure, I’ll admit bias here: Lindsey’s first paid fiction sale was to the ‘Hello World’ mini issue of the Journal of Unlikely Entomology, which I co-edit. However, I promise not to be entirely self-serving here. The story I recommend as a starting point appeared in Crossed Genres‘ ‘Touch’ issue in August 2013. ‘Touch of Tides‘ features a character with synesthesia whose gender is never defined, and is an example of an alien communication/first contact story done right. Too often fiction takes the easy way out when it comes to communication, either relying on hand-wavy technology that might as well be magic (see the Tardis translation circuit), or ignores the question completely. Lindsey’s story ‘Touch of Tides’ encapsulates the problem of interspecies communication with a very simply question: How do you communicate the idea of ‘from another planet’ to a being that has never even seen a star? Humans haven’t conquered the problem of communicating with the creatures on Earth; alien communication shouldn’t be easy. Even within our own species, we regularly fail to make ourselves understood – another point Lindsey makes within ‘Touch of Tides’. No two people experience the world in exactly the same way, complicating the old axiom of treating others as you want to be treated. So how do two beings with no common ground at all talk to each other? All that said, the story isn’t bleak. Even with vast differences, there are ways to make ourselves understood, but it’s a slow process, requiring patience.

A.T. Greenblatt

Another admission of bias here: A.T. Greenblatt and I share a critique group. However, I hope you’ll take this knowledge in the spirit it’s offered – as proof I know what I’m talking about when I say you’ll be seeing work from Greenblatt everywhere very soon. The first of her stories I encountered recently appeared in Daily Science Fiction, and that’s the one I’ll recommend as a starting point. ‘Tell Them of the Sky‘ has a lovely, fairytale-like quality. It’s set in a world ruined by pollution and war, but like Lindsey’s story, it isn’t without hope. But hope comes with a price, underlining the truth that those things in life truly worth having often require sacrifice and pain. It’s another story demonstrating important of patience, showing that even in a fantasy world, sometimes a lifetime of waiting, growing-up, and living hard must be endured before your dreams come true.

Sarah Pinsker

There is a semi-bias here, only in that I have a personal experience with the author’s work leading me to this particular recommendation. At this year’s Balticon, I had the pleasure of hearing Pinsker read an excerpt of my recommended starting point for her work, ‘In Joy, Knowing the Abyss Behind‘, prior to its publication in Strange Horizons. The portion of the story she read immediately hooked me, providing a glimpse of a bittersweet tale containing elements of the fantastic, but at the same time, very much rooted in real and relatable loss and pain. There is a beautiful subtlety to this story. It never hits the reader over the head with the speculative element, leaving much of that side of the story between the lines. Pinsker handles the subtext so deftly that two full stories present themselves to the reader, even though only one is fully outlined on the page.

Carlie St. George

There is no bias here. I came upon my recommended starting point, “This Villain You Must Create“, which appeared in Lightspeed Magazine, with no prior knowledge of the author, and I fell in love with the story right away. Okay. I will admit a bias for superhero/villain stories, but that’s my only bias here, I swear. As with my favorite superhero/villain fiction, this story humanizes the characters, moving beyond archetypical comic book depictions. I was honestly taken by surprise at the story’s ending. It avoided the easy path, veering from the easy and expected solution into darker territory, taking my appreciation to the next level.

I expect to see wonderful things from all of these authors in the years to come. Pay attention, these names are among the ones we’ll be offering up in the future as shining examples when people say that women can’t/don’t write speculative fiction.


Women to Read: Where to Start (October 2013, Originally published at SF Signal)

Anyone who knows me knows I have a weakness for comic books and superhero fiction. The traditional perception that comic books are for boys is slowly shifting, but the emphasis is on slow. Male superheroes dominate the box office, women who cosplay their favorite heroes are called fake geek girls, and we still have comic book creators today who say if women don’t like how they are portrayed (if they’re portrayed at all) in comic book pages well it’s too damned bad because comics aren’t for them anyway. So, in this installment of Women to Read: Where to Start, I’m going to shine a spotlight on women writing superheroes and proving there’s no sign on the genre door proclaiming ‘Boys Only’.

 

At this year’s Readercon, I had the good fortune to hear Sabrina Vourvoulias read an excerpt of her story “La Gorda and the City of Silver” from the anthology Fat Girl in a Strange Land. I was immediately hooked and hurried to the dealers’ room to grab a copy of the anthology. Vourvoulias’ La Gorda is several things very rarely, if ever, seen in mainstream superheroes: she’s a girl, she’s Latina, and she’s fat. She also embodies the best characteristics of the archetypical self made superhero. La Gorda has no special superpowers, but she sees injustice both in being told women can’t be luchadores and in the abuse of the powerless by the powerful. She strikes out on her own, ignores the rules, and fights for those who can’t fight for themselves. Another interesting element of “La Gorda and the City of Silver” is the way it underlines the importance of community, and presents a community solution to a problem, instead of relying on a lone hero or exceptional individual to save the day. La Gorda is powerful, but part of her power comes from her family, including the extended family of her friends and neighbors. Like the best superheroes, she’s the defender of her city, a city which informs her character and with which she is very much intertwined.

Jessica May Lin’s Dark, Beautiful Force, published in Daily Science Fiction, is a superhero team-up story that doesn’t follow the typical, easy route. It’s a story about fighting super villains, but it’s also a story or fighting personal anger, loss, and pain. It treats its vigilante heroes as first and foremost human beings, who can be hurt and broken, but who can also display incredible amounts of courage and are capable of great sacrifice. It sets itself apart from many superhero stories with a dose of grim reality; outside the pages of comic books, superheroes can’t always save the day.

E.L. Chen’s “Nocturne” from the anthology Masked Mosaic is another atypical superhero story, in that it may not be a superhero story at all. A mysterious, hooded figure flies through the city at night. The story’s main character very much wants to be that hero, and many inexplicable coincidences in his life hint that he may indeed be, but if he really was a superhero, if he could really fly, wouldn’t he know it? The story never provides a definitive answer. It’s a superhero story with a secret identity, leaving it up to the reader to decide whether it’s a mild-mannered tale with hidden superpowers, or a bittersweet story of someone wishing to be something they’re not, dressed up in superhero garb. All that, and it’s beautifully written to boot.

Last, but certainly not least, it would be impossible to talk about women and superheroes without mentioning Gail Simone. In terms of where to start with her writing, you can’t go wrong with Batgirl or Birds of Prey, which are among the few female-dominated mainstream comic titles out there. But consider this as well – Gail Simone may very well be a superhero in real life. She fights for the inclusion of more women in comics, both as creators and characters. She regularly smashes the fake geek girl myth and stands up to sexism with her awesome powers of wit and snark on twitter. She is even one of the founders of Women in Refrigerators, a website dedicated to tackling the trope of violence against women as a plot device, there only to move the male hero’s story forward. See? Definitely a superhero. These four are only a small sampling of the women writing awesome superhero fiction.

 

Women to Read: Where to Start (November 2013, Originally published at SF Signal)

Even though Halloween is over, we’re still within the haunted season, the time of year when things are dead, dying, or at very least sleeping and dreaming. That being the case, it seems only appropriate for this installment of Women to Read: Where to Start to focus on ghostly and haunting tales.

 

Jaime Lee Moyer is the author of numerous short stories and her debut novel – my recommended starting point for her work – Delia’s Shadow, was released by Tor earlier this year. The novel tells the story of Delia, who has seen ghosts all her life, and the one ghost in particular who will not let her rest. Set in the early 1900s during the San Francisco International Exposition, the novel deftly blends historical fiction, supernatural, mystery, and brace yourself ewgirlcooties, romance. That’s right – ghosts, bloody serial murders, police investigations, rigorous historical details and love. There’s even, gasp, a wedding! Along with everything else, Delia’s Shadow is about family, the one you’re born into and the one you choose, a theme which echoes throughout the book and gives it weight. From the first, Delia’s Shadow is compelling, driving the reader to devour it as quickly as possible just to find out what happens. But the characters at the heart of the story are what really make it shine. They’re compelling and likable; they feel like chosen family. Luckily, Delia’s Shadow already has at least two planned sequels featuring the same cast of characters.

Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s writing is often billed as ‘early American feminist writing’, and it’s hard to argue with the definition given that my recommended starting point with her work could be considered as describing gaslighting before gaslighting was a widely accepted term. While it isn’t exactly a ghost story, “The Yellow Wallpaper” may be the very definition of a haunted story. A creeping and insidious dread permeates this tale of a woman quietly losing her grip on reality, sparked by her physician husband confining her to a room decorated with hideous yellow wallpaper ‘for her own health’. Even though no traditional ghosts manifest, the room is haunted by echoes, hinting others have been imprisoned before her. There is a recursive quality to the story, suggesting the main character may be the source of her own haunting. Beyond being an effective ghost story, this circles back to the gaslighting theme, suggesting the woman’s problems are her own fault, which makes the story all the more powerful and disturbing. On a personal level, the closing image of the main character creeping smoothly around the room at just the right height is one that will never leave me.

One could start just about anywhere with Joyce Carol Oates’ work and be satisfied. Even limiting oneself to her ghostly and haunted tales, the same would be true. So I’ll cheat and recommend the thematically-appropriate story I read most recently as a starting point: “Haunted,” most recently appearing in Ellen Datlow’s Hauntings. (Can you get any more on topic?) “Haunted” is another ghost story that may or may not be a ghost story, but is all the more effective for its uncertainty. It lingers the way a ghost story does, telling of a young woman’s encounter with something not entirely explained or explainable in an abandoned house. As the best stories do, especially ghost stories, “Haunted” offers a story within a story, a story behind the story, lurking, ghosted just below the surface of the text. It’s also a story about young women and the way they relate to each other, the way they’re expected to behave, and who they truly are on the inside. It’s a story I would recommend at any of the year, haunted or otherwise.

To close out the haunting theme, I’d like to point to Tori Turslow and recommend her story “Boats in Shadow, Crossing”, which appeared in Beneath Ceaseless Skies (and thank you to M. Bennardo for reminding me of this story and highlighting its appropriateness to the ghostly theme). Once again, this isn’t a traditional ghost story, but it is haunted, and the theme of ghosts and things moving just beneath the tale’s surface recur. The writing here is lush, and the world is rich and deep and decadently gorgeous. The story gets extra points with me for gender fluidity and a Carnivale/Venetian setting which hits to my fictional sweet spots. The story also plays with myth and history and classic literature, and like the above recommendation, is well worth reading in any season.

 Thank you all for tuning in for this vaguely Halloween themed installment of Women to Read: Where to Start.

 

Women to Read: Where to Start (December 2013, Originally published at SF Signal)

There’s no particular theme this time around, just a bunch of work I’m excited about, things I read and loved that I want other people to read and love, too.

Jacqueline Koyanagi‘s debut novel, Ascension, was my first exposure to the author’s work, making it a logical recommended starting point. If the novel’s subtitle, A Tangled Axon Novel, is any indication, Koyanagi plans more works set in this universe, and I for one will be delighted to purchase and devour them. As stated in her author bio: “Her stories feature queer women of color, folks with disabilities, neuroatypical characters, and diverse relationship styles, because she grew tired of not seeing enough of herself and the people she loves reflected in genre fiction.” Ascension features an almost all-female cast, fluid depictions of sexuality, and a wonderful and positive depiction of polyamory. There’s also a disappearing woman who smells like honey and buzzes like a hive of bees, a man who is a wolf, and the most gorgeous descriptions of ship mechanics I have ever read. One thing Koyanagi does particularly well is write characters who remain true to themselves, whose individual personalities drive the plot rather than letting the plot dictate their actions. Their relationships aren’t always peaceful or easy; as in real life, they are often messy and complicated as each individual moves from their own personal understanding of the world to see things from each other’s perspectives.

Kij Johnson likely needs no introduction, being a multiple award nominee and winner. The first of her works that came to my attention, and my recommending starting place with her work is Spar, first published in Clarkesworld in 2009. It won the Nebula the same year, and was nominated for the Hugo and the Locus Awards, and deservedly so. “Spar” is the kind of story that sticks with you – yes, partially because of the graphic sexuality and the ick-factor, for lack of a better word, but these are only the tools used to tell a deeper story. Rather than being simply used for shock value the sex in the story serves to explore the notion of the truly alien and the idea that if and when humans do encounter non-terrestrial life, there’s a good chance it will be so incomprehensible to us that communication on any level may be impossible. To top it all off, the story manages to do all this in just over 2,000 words.

Tang Fei is a Chinese author whose first story published in English, Call Girl (translated by Ken Liu for Apex Magazine) is my recommended starting point. According to her bio, her work has appeared under various pen names in magazines such as Science Fiction World and Jiuzhou Fantasy. Based on “Call Girl”, I can only hope we’ll be seeing more English translations of her work soon. The story’s title evokes specific associations, and the story’s opening leads the reader along a path in line with those expectations before veering sharply off the expected route to deliver a surprisingly poignant tale, which is – at its heart – a love letter to the notion of story itself. The imagery here is evocative and dream-like, and for being a relatively short tale, it manages to deliver characters that feel deep and well-developed with layers extending well beyond the story’s framework.

My first encounter with Susan Palwick‘s work was through her short story, “The Fate of Mice”, originally appearing in Asimov’s and later reprinted elsewhere, including in her 2007 short story collection of the same name. I’m recommending it as a starting point since it’s the one that got me hooked. Like Tang Fei’s story, it’s also a story about stories and their power to shape our perceptions of the world. Palwick puts an interesting spin on the theme, telling the story from the point of view of Rodney, an IQ-enhanced lab mouse who inherits the memories of the fictional mice who came before him, including the mice from Cinderella, Stuart Little, and Algernon from Flowers for Algernon. The story draws the reader’s attention to the way narratives are shaped by who is telling them. As Rodney points out, even when mice are the star of the story, their ultimate fate is of little importance to humans. This point is paralleled in the human relationships in the story, as Doctor Kantor, whose lab Rodney inhabits, has very specific narratives in his mind concerning his daughter, and his ex-wife and her new boyfriend, which often blind him to who they are as people.

So there you have it, another installment of Women to Read: Where to Start. I hope you’ll seek out and enjoy work by these wonderful authors.

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